Receipt and dispatch of shipments
Incoming goods are transferred from trucks, planes and ULDs to the hub or depot. Unloading itself is usually a manual process supported by different types of conveyors for fast, efficient, and ergonomic work. In many cases, this process step also implies a transfer of risk for the goods from one service provider to another. Such a transfer of risk requires an inbound scan with manual and/or automatic identification systems which can be combined with volume and weight measurement. Depending on the process implemented, the operators perform a presort of the items at this stage, for example by shape (cubic/irregular) or size (small/large). The relatively high degree of manual labor at this stage necessitates the implementation of effective safety measures for the operators.